Bone Grafting

Bone and gum grafting is done to augment hard and soft tissue that may be insufficient prior to implant surgery.

The success of an implant hinges on the height, depth, and width of the jawbone at the implant site. When the jawbone has receded or sustained significant damage, the implant(s) cannot be supported on this unstable foundation and bone grafting is usually recommended for the ensuing restoration.

Bone grafting is a highly successful procedure in most cases. It is also a preferable alternative to having missing teeth, diseased teeth, or tooth deformities. Bone grafting can increase the height or width of the jawbone and fill in voids and defects in the bone.

Bone grafting can be used to stabilize and help restore the jaw foundation for restorative or implant surgery. Deformities can also be corrected and the restructuring of the bone can provide added support. It can also be used as a preservative, in order to limit or prevent bone recession following a tooth extraction, periodontal disease, or other invasive processes.

Healing Process

The bone grafting procedure can often take several months to heal completely. This bone will fuse with the existing bone and the migration of cells will cause firm adhesion and bone growth. Supplementing the jaw with bone will result in greater bone mass to help support and anchor the implants.

Each type of bone graft has its own clinical benefits. Your dentist will discuss the type of bone grafts available and make an informed decision based on your individual situation prior to your surgery.

Gum Grafting

Gingival (gum) tissue is the tissue that forms a tight seal around your teeth. It protects your teeth and the underlying supporting bone against bacteria. Mucosal tissue is found directly below the gingiva and is stretchy to allow the lips and cheeks to move.

When there is only minor recession, gingiva still protects the tooth. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, a patient often requires root coverage surgery commonly referred to as connective tissue graft. This is a minor and often a successful surgery with minimal discomfort. Your Penticton family dentist will schedule follow-up visits at approximately 2 and 5 weeks.

We also offer gingival graft to patients with receding gums. The surgery consists in removing tissue from the patient’s palate and then grafting it onto the site of the recession (missing gum). In some cases, a technique is used involving donor tissue.

Periodontal Surgery

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is a progressive condition and the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and affects the gums and jawbone.

Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate your dentition for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.

Periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean.